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- September 17, 2021
- STEM Frenzy Articles
The principles of photography have been studied since the ancient Greeks. Newton added more depth to these studies with the discovery that light is made up of several colors. In 1814, Joseph Niepce created the first photography. It was created via a device called camera obscura and it took 8 hours to capture the picture. This device was improved in 1937 by Louis Daguerre. He captured a picture that was fixed, that did not disappear like it did the picture of its predecessor and most importantly, it only took minutes to get the picture.
In 1851, Frederick Scott created the collodion process, which allows one to take a picture for only 2-3 seconds of light exposure In 1888, George Eastman, created the Kodak camera, which had the roll film inside. We get the first steps of modernization. In 1900, we had the first mass-produced camera called the Brownie. In 1948, after the discovery of the modern flashbulb, Edwin Land created the polaroid camera and in 1963, Polaroid created the instant color film, which reduced picture time drastically and created instant pictures.
In 1978 we had the first Konica point and shoot focus camera, which is similar to modern cameras. In 1987, Canon created the first digital electronic camera, which is what our modern cameras are based upon.
Motion pictures were built upon photography. The idea is that if you take some rapid pictures in succession and if you view those pictures in succession, then you get a motion-like action. The first example was in 1878 from the journal Scientific American, which recorded a horse galloping.
In 1879, there was the creation of a device that was a version of a photo projector. The idea was to post the pictures that were taken back to back from each other. Parallel to the creation of this device, we have in Paris the creation of a camera device that takes 12 pictures per second. This was the work of Ettienne Jules Narey. These 2 discoveries when combined set the basics for motion pictures. They were allowed to project pictures and thus create an ancient version of a movie clip. This was further elaborated in 1888 by Thomas Edison who with his assistant created the Kinetograph, a device that can project mobbing images onto a screen. The technology grew and between 1890 and 01927, there were a lot of silent films released with various storylines.
Motion pictures and television and streaming started in 1940. We have the massive adaptation of such technology and it becomes clear that this was a new market to dominate. Private companies entered this market, Paramount was a big name in the industry. The entertainment industry had officially started.
- STEM Frenzy Articles (12)
Understanding the History of Artistic Expression
Sep 17, 2021